Present Progressive/ Continuous Tense

The Present Progressive or Present Continuous tense describes the actions happening in the present moment. the Present Progressive is used to express actions that take place at the time of speaking.

Present Progressive Tense uses:

Present Progressive tense can be used for different situations.

  1. The action takes place at this moment
    I am going to school. (I’m going to school right now.)
  2. Temporary actions
    You are going home now.
  3. Planned action in the future
    We are going to Canada this weekend.
  4. Actions that happen now (longer period of time)
    He is watching movie.

Formation of the Present Progressive

The Present Progressive is formed from a form of “to be” + infinitive + with the ending “ing”.

to be ( am , are , is ) + Infinitive + ing

Examples of present continuous tense:

Affirmative sentences: 

Subject auxilary verb verb+ing object
I am playing  cricket.
We /you/they are  playing cricket.
He/she/it is  playing cricket

Negative sentences:

Subject               auxilary verb + not       verb+ing         object      
I am not playing cricket.
We /you/they are not playing cricket.
He/she/it is not playing cricket

Interrogative sentences:

 auxilary verb  Sub  verb + ing  object + ?
Am   I  playing  cricket?
 Are We /you/they  playing  cricket?
 Is  He/she/it  playing  cricket?

Sometimes it can be difficult to find the right tense – confusion between Simple Present and Present Progressive is possible. So-called signal words help to quickly identify the intention of the statement and know whether the Present Progressive must be used. Signal words in this tense have a clear temporal relation.

Signal words in Present Progressive/ continuous tense

  • at the moment
  • now
  • never
  • tomorrow
  • tonight
  • in the morning
  • this weekend
  • next year

More Examples of sentences in the Present Progressive

For easier understanding, there are some examples of the formation of affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentences. Statements can be used orally and in writing as a short form.

Uses of present Continuous:ل

1: The Present Continuous is used for the action happening at the moment of speaking.


I am teaching. You are studying.
Please be quiet! Qasam is studying.
I can not pass the phone to Ali. He is writing some ting.

2: The Present Continuous expresses that something is planned, intended or agreed. In this case, the Present Continuous is used in the futuristic sense. This use must be clearly understood from the relationship or of a time.


I am planing  to visit the United States this year.
My brother is coming tomorrow from Ireland..

3: We use the Present Continuous for changing situations.


Your English speaking skill  is getting better.

The Present Continuous is usually formed by adding-ing to the verb.


work – I am work ing
sing – I sing ing on
play – he is play ing

However, there are three exceptions to this rule:

When the final letter to the sequence of consonant + stressed vowel + consonant, the final consonant is doubled!


run r = u = Stressed vowel consonant consonant n =

run – I am ru nn ing

other verbs:

stop – he is sto pp ing
travel – she is traveling ll ing
begin – we are begi nn ing

The verb ends in a vowel + consonant + e, the e is removed at the end.


come – They are coming

The verb ends in-ie-ie that is transformed into a y.


l ie – I am l y ing
T he – he is d y ing

Present perfect continuous tense
Present perfect continuous tense

Other present Tenses