Future simple tense, future will and going to

Future simple tense is used to describe an action in the future.Future simple tense is also called Future Indefinite tense. 

Simple future tense structure/ formula:

Affirmative sentences:

subject+ will+ verb 1

Long form   Short form

He will visit Dubai.
She will write.
We will go.
You will  learn.
It will play.
They will go.

I ‘ll visit.
We ‘ll help
You ‘ll study
He ‘ll attend the party.
she ‘ll offer prayer.
They ‘ll go.

Note: We can also use “shall” , instead of “will”, and it has the same meaning. So “I will go” and “I shall go”, it is the same.

However, the word “shall” is used more in British English, and we don’t really use it much in American English.

And even in British English, “shall” is less common than “will.”

So “will” is much more common than “shall” but they do have the same meaning. Shall is used for more certinity. 

Negative sentences:

Subject+ will not+ verb1

long Form Short Form

He will not learn English.
She will not learn English.
I will not learn English.
We will not learn English.
You will not lean English.
They will not learn English.

He won’t learn English.
She won’t learn English.
I won’t learn English.
We won’t learn English.
You won’t learn English.
They won’t learn English.

Question form:


Yes, No Questions “wh” Questions

Will I study?
Will you study?
Will we study?
Will he study?
Will she study?
Will they study?

Where will I study?
Who will study?
When will he study?
What time will he study?
Where will we study?
When will they study?

future simple tense, infographic
Future simple tense, infographic

Usage of Future simple tense:

#1. Future simple is used for predictions:


  • The train will reach at 5pm.
  • He will win the match.

#2 Requests / Offers/ Promises/ Refusal:


  • Will you buy me a drink please?”
  • I will not help you.

#3 Future conditional sentences:


  • If she reaches in time, we will go to the park.
  • If it rains, he will not come.

Future with going to:

future tense going to
future tense going to

Future Simple tense Exercise:

[streamquiz id=”18″]