Comparative & Superlative: explanation and uses

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Here is a quick overview of the formation and use of superlatives and comparatives in English.

Test your superlative knowledge in English with this exercise:

Superlative adjectives

Explanation: formation of comparative and superlative

Poor, poorer, poorest – Of course there are also forms of improvement in English grammar . In the formation of comparative (first form of increase) and superlative (highest form of increase) a distinction is made between regular and irregular increase.

1) In the regular increase of adjectives in the comparative one -er and in the superlative one -est added. This type of enhancement applies to monosyllabic adjectives and to two-syllabic adjectives ending in le , -er , -ow, and -y :

adjective comparative superlative
simple simple the simplest
Poor Poorer the poorest
Happy happier the happiest

2) In the case of two-syllabic adjectives that do not end in – le, -er, -ow, and -y , as well as in polysyllabic adjectives, the adjective remains unchanged in the form of increase and is supplemented in the comparative with more and in the superlative with most :

adjective comparative superlative
beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful
successful more successful the most successful

Abstract: Formation of Comparatives and Superlatives
1) monosyllabic adjectives and two-syllabic adjectives on -le , -er , -ow, and -y: comparative on -er , superlative on -est
2) remaining adjectives: Comparative with more , superlative with most

Special features when increasing adjectives

There are also adjectives that are increased irregularly. With irregularly increased adjectives, comparative and superlative are formed from new vocabulary , so it only helps to memorize:

adjective comparative superlative
much / many more the most
Bad worse the worst
Good better the best

Summary: Special features
Much, many, bad and good are increased irregularly

Compare rates

In comparisons the words as and than are used in English (don’t confuse with then !)

He is as tall as Susan.
He is taller than me.
He is the tallest player in the team.

3) For each … the more used in English the ….

The more Susan works the more money she will earn.