Nominal verbs are an important aspect of English grammar that are often used in writing and speaking. These types of verbs function as nouns, which means they can act as subjects, objects, or complements in sentences. Understanding the uses and forms of nominal verbs can help you improve your writing skills and communicate effectively in various situations.
Definition of Nominal Verbs
Nominal verbs, also known as verbals, are verbs that function as nouns in sentences. They can be formed from base verbs by adding a suffix such as “-ing” or “-ed,” or by using the base form of the verb with the particle “to” (infinitive). Nominal verbs can also be formed from participles, which are verb forms that end in “-ing” (present participle) or “-ed” (past participle).
Importance of Nominal Verbs
Nominal verbs are important in English because they allow speakers and writers to express complex ideas and actions in concise and clear ways. By using nominal verbs, we can avoid repetitive or wordy phrases and convey meaning with precision and accuracy. Nominal verbs also add variety and interest to our writing and speaking, making our messages more engaging and effective.
Common Examples of Nominal Verbs
Some common examples of nominal verbs in English include:
- Swimming is good exercise. (gerund)
- To be or not to be, that is the question. (infinitive)
- The book, written by John, is on the table. (participle)
Types of Nominal Verbs
Gerunds are nominal verbs that end in “-ing” and function as subjects, objects, or complements in sentences. Gerunds are formed from the base form of the verb by adding “-ing” and are often used to express actions or activities.
- Dancing is fun. (subject)
- She enjoys singing. (object)
- His favorite hobby is fishing. (complement)
Infinitives are nominal verbs that use the base form of the verb with the particle “to” and function as subjects, objects, or complements in sentences. Infinitives are often used to express purpose or intention.
- To travel is his dream. (subject)
- She wants to learn Spanish. (object