English speaking lesson 23

Prepositions in English Grammar

Prepositions are an important part of English grammar that are used to connect nouns and pronouns with other words in a sentence. They describe the relationship between the noun or pronoun and other words in the sentence.

Here are some important things to know about prepositions in English grammar:

  1. Definition: A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in the sentence.

  2. Placement: Prepositions are usually placed before a noun or pronoun in the sentence.

Example: The book is on the table.

In this sentence, “on” is the preposition, and it shows the relationship between the book and the table.

  1. Common prepositions: Some of the most common prepositions in English include: on, in, at, with, from, to, of, for, by, about, and with.

  2. Prepositions of time: Prepositions are commonly used to indicate time. For example: at, on, in, before, after, during, etc.

Example: We will meet at the restaurant at 6 PM.

  1. Prepositions of place: Prepositions are also used to indicate place or location. For example: in, on, under, above, beside, etc.

Example: The cat is sleeping on the bed.

  1. Prepositional phrases: Prepositions are often used in prepositional phrases, which consist of the preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object.

Example: The book on the table is mine.

In this sentence, “on the table” is the prepositional phrase, and “table” is the object of the preposition “on.”

  1. Common errors: Some common errors in using prepositions include: using the wrong preposition, leaving out the preposition, or using the wrong form of the preposition.

Example: I’m going to the store to buy milk.

In this sentence, “to” is the correct preposition to use with “go,” but “for” or “at” would be incorrect.

In conclusion, prepositions play a crucial role in English grammar, helping to link nouns and pronouns with other words in a sentence. By understanding the proper use of prepositions and prepositional phrases, you can improve your English writing and communication skills.

Example sentences  of prepositions:

  • The book is On the table.
  • The computer is on the table.
  • The clerk is at the seat.
  • There is green paint on the door.
  • Father is standing at the door.
  • I’ll see you at home.
  • Neha is coming into the room.
  • Shama and Kamal both are in the room.
  • I’ll pour some more water into the glass.
  • People bathe in the river.
  • We sit on the bench,
  • but father sits in the arm-chair.
  • Why don’t you sit at the table?
  • Feed the floppy into the computer.
  • He went into his house.
  • The letter was sent by courier.
  • Please translate this from Urdu into English.
  • Don’t judge a person by his clothes.
  • I filled the bottle with milk.
  • The tiger was killed by the hunter.
  • He stood beside his brother.
  • I kept football beside hockey stick.
  • Divide the sweets between Sharit and Mehmood.
  • Shimla is situated amongst the mountains.
  • He is a man of principles.
  • There is a bridge over the Yamuna river.
  • Throw the ball over the wall.
  • Birds are flying over the bridge.
  • Boats are under the bridge.
  • Anis is standing between Raja and Danish.
  • Raquib is in front of Ratique.
  • Rafiqua is standing behind him.
  • We are in confusion.
  • The money is in my pocket.
  • Fishes are in the sea.
  • Who is inside?