Present Continuous – present progressive tense


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Examples of present continuous tense:فعل حال جاری

Positive sentences: سادہ

Subjectauxilary verbverb+ingobject
Iamplaying cricket.
We /you/theyare playingcricket.
He/she/itis playingcricket

Negative sentences: منفی

Subject                     auxilary verb + not      verb+ing           object      
Iam notplayingcricket.
We /you/theyare notplayingcricket.
He/she/itis notplayingcricket

Interrogative sentences: سوالیہ

 auxilary verb Sub verb + ing object + ?
Am  I playing cricket?
 AreWe /you/they playing cricket?
 Is He/she/it playing cricket?

Uses of present Continuous:استعمال

1: The Present Continuous is used for the action happening at the moment of speaking.

Example:

I am teaching. You are studying.
Please be quiet! Qasam is studying.
I can not pass the phone to Ali. He is writing some ting.

2: The Present Continuous expresses that something is planned, intended or agreed. In this case, the Present Continuous is used in the futuristic sense. This use must be clearly understood from the relationship or of a time.

Example:

I am planing  to visit the United States this year.
My brother is coming tomorrow from Ireland..

3: We use the Present Continuous for changing situations.

Example:

Your English speaking skill  is getting better.

Important:
The Present Continuous is usually formed by adding-ing to the verb.

Example:

work - I am work ing
sing - I sing ing on
play - he is play ing

However, there are three exceptions to this rule:

When the final letter to the sequence of consonant + stressed vowel + consonant, the final consonant is doubled!

Example:

run r = u = Stressed vowel consonant consonant n =

run - I am ru nn ing

other verbs:

stop - he is sto pp ing
travel - she is traveling ll ing
begin - we are begi nn ing

The verb ends in a vowel + consonant + e, the e is removed at the end.

Example:

come - They are coming

The verb ends in-ie-ie that is transformed into a y.

Example:

l ie - I am l y ing
T he - he is d y ing